Wednesday, June 3, 2015

100 years and counting and Happy Birthday to all those 100 plus

A friend has her mother turning 100 this week and it got me thinking about how many people in Canada are at this age or older. 

According to our latest census there were 5,825 people age 100 plus in 2011, in 2016 there is expected to be 7,900 centenarians and by 2061 we expect to have 78,300 centenarians in Canada. That is a lot of people and the growth rate in this age group is high. This is good news for those of us, like me and my friends, who are in our 70Th year, it means we have many good years ahead.

The 2011 Census counted 4,870 women and 955 men aged 100 and over. The corresponding sex ratio was about 500 women for every 100 men, the highest of all age groups. Among the Canadian population, there were slightly more men than women up to age 26, after which there were more women than men. By age 65, there were about 125 women for 100 men and by age 80, 170 women per 100 men.

More women than men reach the age of 100 because women experience lower probabilities of dying at all ages than men. In 2008,  the life expectancy at birth was 78.5 years for men and 83.1 years for women.

International comparisons
The number of centenarians depends on the life expectancy and the size of the total population. The United States, for example, had a population about 10 times larger than Canada's; the number of centenarians was also higher, with 53,000 people in 2010.
The rate of centenarians per 100,000 persons is useful in comparing countries of significantly different population sizes, such as G8 countries.
In 2011, Canada's rate of 17.4 centenarians per 100,000 persons was slightly below the average of 19.7 among G8 countries (Figure 2).

In the United States, the rate of centenarians was slightly lower than in Canada. Life expectancy in the United States, at 75.6 years for men and 80.8 years for women in 2007, was also slightly lower than in Canada.
Japan had the highest centenarian rate, at nearly 37 centenarians per 100,000 population, more than twice Canada's rate. Life expectancy was the highest in Japan, at 79.6 years for men and 86.4 years for women in 2009.Footnote3
France, Italy and the United Kingdom also had higher centenarian rates than Canada. The population of these three countries is, on average, older than Canada's. In France, for example, women had a life expectancy of 84.5 in 2008, compared to 83.1 in Canada.
In Russia, there were only four centenarians per 100,000 population. Life expectancy in Russia over the last 25 years has been well below that of other G8 countries (around 68 years for men and 74 years for women).

Some other interesting data from our census in Canada
The number of seniors (age 65 and over) is nearly 5 million, an increase of just over 14 per cent.
The number of seniors is at the highest rate ever in Canada.
• The working-age population, aged 15-64, only grew by 5.7 per cent and account for 42 per cent of the total population.
• The population of children under 14 only grew by 0.5 per cent.
• The population of children under 4 increased a lot, by 11 per cent between 2006 and 2011.
• The first baby boomers hit retirement age — 65 — in 2011.
The fastest-growing age group are 60-64 year-olds, at 29 per cent.
The second fastest-growing group are centenarians, those over 100.
• Saskatchewan experienced a decrease in the proportion of seniors because of significant increases in the working age population and the under-14 age group.
• Saskatchewan had the highest fertility rate of all the provinces.
• The working age population, 15-64, decreased in Atlantic Canada and the Yukon but increased in every other province and territory.
• The working age population in Alberta encompasses 70 per cent of the overall population.
There are a higher proportion of people over 65 living in rural and remote areas than in or near big cities.
• Some of the oldest CMAs — (census metropolitan areas) — include Peterborough, Ont., Trois-Rivieres, Que., and Kelowna, B.C.
• The oldest CAs (Census Areas)— cities — are Parksville, B.C., Elliot Lake, Ont., and Cobourg, Ont.
• Cities with the highest proportion of working age population are: Wood Buffalo, Alta., Yellowknife, Strathmore, Alta., and Whitehorse.
• 5,825 Canadians are over 100 years old.
There are 500 women centenarians for every 100 men.
• Saskatchewan has the highest rate of centenarians of all the provinces and territories.
• The Calgary CMA has an equal gender split, 50-50.
• Wood Buffalo, Alta., is the manliest town in Canada, with 54.4 per cent of the overall population.
• Cobourg, Ont., is where the ladies are. It is the city under 100,000 with largest proportion of women, 53.6 per cent.
• Nunavut is the youngest territory or province, with 32 per cent of the population under 14.
• The median age in Canada in May 2011 was 40.6
• The number of children aged four and under increased for the first time in 50 years.
Nearly two-thirds of all teenagers live in central Canada.

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