Saturday, October 22, 2016

On this day in History

On this day October 23, the following happened:

(Remember Each day is unique)

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

1864 - During the U.S. Civil War, Union forces led by Gen. Samuel R. Curtis defeated the Confederate forces in Missouri that were under Gen. Stirling Price.

1910 - Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a public solo airplane flight in the United States. 

1915 - The first U.S. championship horseshoe tourney was held in Kellerton, IA

1915 - Approximately 25,000 women demanded the right to vote with a march in New York City, NY

1929 - In the U.S., the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged starting the stock-market crash that began the Great Depression. 

1930 - J.K. Scott won the first miniature golf tournament. The event was held in Chattanooga, TN

1942 - During World War II, the British began a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein, Egypt. 

1944 - During World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf began. 

1946 - The United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time. 

1956 - Hungarian citizens began an uprising against Soviet occupation. On November 4, 1956 Soviet forces enter Hungary and eventually suppress the uprising. 

1956 - NBC broadcasted the first videotape recording. The tape of Jonathan Winters was seen coast to coast in the U.S. 

1958 - Russian poet and novelist Boris Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. He was forced to refuse the honor due to negative Soviet reaction. Pasternak won the award for writing "Dr. Zhivago". 

1962 - During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. naval "quarantine" of Cuba was approved by the Council of the Organization of American States (OAS). 

1962 - The U.S. Navy reconnaissance squadron VFP-62 began overflights of Cuba under the code name "Blue Moon." 

1962 - Steveland Morris Judkins, later known as Little Stevie Wonder, at the age of 12 recorded his first single. The song was "Thank you for Loving Me All the Way." 

1971 - The U.N. General Assembly voted to expel Taiwan and seat Communist China. 

1972 - The musical "Pippin" premiered at the Imperial Theater on Broadway. 

1973 - U.S. President Richard M. Nixon agreed to turn over the subpoenaed tapes concerning the Watergate affair. 

1977 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces that 34-billion-year-old one-celled fossils, the earliest life forms, had been discovered

1978 - Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious attempted to commit suicide while awaiting trial for killing his girlfriend Nancy Spungen. 

1978 - CBS Records raised the price of vinyl records by one dollar to $8.98. 

1978 - China and Japan formally ended four decades of hostility when they exchanged treaty ratifications. 

1980 - The resignation of Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin was announced. 

1984 - "NBC Nightly News" aired footage of the severe drought in Ethiopia. 

1985 - U.S. President Reagan arrived in New York to address the U.N. General Assembly. 

1989 - Hungary became an independent republic, after 33 years of Soviet rule. 

1992 - Japanese Emperor Akihito became the first Japanese emperor to stand on Chinese soil. 

1993 - Joe Carter (Toronto Blue Jays) became only the second player to end the World Series with a homerun. 

1995 - In Houston, TX, a jury convicted Yolanda Saldivar of the murder of Selena. 

1995 - Tone-Loc was ordered to take an anger management class after fighting with a pizza delivery person. 

1997 - The musical "Triumph of Love" opened at the Royale Theatre. 

1998 - Eddie Nichols (Royal Crown Revue) was arrested in Toledo, OH, for allegedly hitting a sheriff in a diner. Nichols was charged with a felony and held without bail over the weekend. 

1995 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin and U.S. President Bill Clinton agree to a joint peacekeeping effort in the war-torn Bosnia. 

1998 - Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a breakthrough in a land-for-peace West Bank accord. 

1998 - Japan nationalized its first bank since World War II. 

2000 - Universal Studios Consumer Products Group (USCPG) and Amblin Entertainment announced an unprecedented and exclusive three-year worldwide merchandising program with Toys "R" Us, Inc. The deal was for the rights to exclusive "E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial" merchandise starting in fall 2001. The film was scheduled for re-release in the spring of 2002. 

2001 The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks.

2001 Apple releases the iPod.

2001 - NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft began orbiting Mars. In 2010, it became the longest-operating spacecraft ever sent to Mars. 1941 - "Clarinet a la King" was recorded by Benny Goodman and his orchestra. 

2005 - In Chicago, IL, Lou Rawls gave his last performance when he performed the national anthem of the United States to start Game Two of the 2005 World Series. 

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