The first was a review of the most relevant academic literature on retirement security and health spending in Canada; the second was an analysis of household consumer spending data to assess health spending trends; and the third was a recreation of LifePaths, a statistical model created by Statistics Canada to assess Canadians’ retirement readiness, with health spending factored in.
The study also found:
- Out-of-pocket health-care costs tend to rise with age, especially among high consumers of health-care services.
- To date, studies and analyses of Canadians’ retirement readiness have neglected the increasingly important area of out-of-pocket health-care costs, including home-based and long-term care.
- Including the costs of home-based and long-term care in the analysis worsens the picture of Canadians’ retirement readiness and future retirement security among certain groups, particularly women and people aged 85 and older. The percentage of women projected to have inadequate income nearly doubles once health-related costs are factored in (increasing to 17 per cent from 11 per cent for 70-year-olds and to 44 per cent from 25 per cent for 85-year-olds).